Normally I tend to shy away from citing or referencing articles here that are lengthy, and academic, but this week I must include such an article in our "final cut" for several reasons, not the least of which is to comment this researcher's astute observations to regular readers of this site who may be unaware of his work. I refer to retired Professor Peter Dale Scott, and his analyses of American power politics in terms of "the deep state," a term Professor Scott borrowed from Turkish analysts of politics in their country, a term they coined to explain why, in spite of lack of popular support, certain policies seemed to be pursued by their government no matter what. I include it here because we see a similar thing occurring in the West, most recently with the Ukrainian situation. As I blogged last Thursday in my News and Views from the Nefarium, the German government seems to be toeing the general American party line in spite of what appears to be overwhelming German opposition to that course.
With that in mind, here is Professor Scott's article in its entirety, and I hope the reader will pay close attention to it, in order for my own comments to make sense:
So why have I drawn your attention to the very important work of Professor Scott, and in particular, to this article? After all, notwithstanding the occasional revelation of some odd detail - it was, after all, Professor Scott who discovered and revealed the little known link between Jack Ruby and Richard Nixon's House Unamerican Activities Committee in 1947 - most of what Professor Scott reviews in his article has long been known to other researchers.
I want to draw your attention to what I believe to be the central core or thesis informing his work, and indeed, all such research:
"Like myself, Lofgren suggests an ambiguous symbiosis between two aspects of the American deep state:
'1) the Beltway agencies of the shadow government, like the CIA and NSA, which have been instituted by the public state and now overshadow it, and
'2) the much older power of Wall Street, referring to the powerful banks and law firms located there.'
"In their words,
'It is not too much to say that Wall Street may be the ultimate owner of the Deep State and its strategies, if for no other reason than that it has the money to reward government operatives with a second career that is lucrative beyond the dreams of avarice – certainly beyond the dreams of a salaried government employee.'13
"I shall argue that in the 1950s Wall Street was a dominating complex. It included not just banks and oil firms but also the oil majors whose cartel arrangements were successfully defended against the U.S. Government by the Wall Street law firm Sullivan and Cromwell, home to the Dulles brothers. This larger complex is what I mean by the Wall Street overworld."
In other words, Prof. Scott is suggesting a tripartite structure to the "deep state", consisting of:
- The overt instrumentalities of public government, i.e., the Congress, the Presidency, and the judiciary;
- The covert agencies of that government, i.e., the CIA, NSA, and all the other intelligence agencies, which in turn are in reality the agencies of
- The private financial interest.