Alternative Archaeology

NEW CHAMBER IN THE GREAT PYRAMID DETECTED

This story, I suspect, regular readers here knew I would be talking about. Using muons, scientists seem to have confirmed the existence of yet another chamber in the Great Pyramid:

Archaeologists discover mysterious void deep within Great Pyramid of Giza

Now, so many people sent this story along this week, with the statement or query that this seems to prove my "weapons hypothesis" for the structure, or asking if it does, so I'm constrained to blog about this issue today.

First, the chamber seems to be a kind of parallel structure to the Grand Gallery, lying above it:

The massive cavity stretches for at least 30 metres and lies above the grand gallery, an impressive ascending corridor that connects the Queen’s chamber to the King’s in the heart of the historic monument. It is the first major structure found in the pyramid since the 19th century.

It is unclear whether the void is a chamber or a corridor, or whether it played any more than a structural role in the pyramid’s construction – such as relieving weight on the grand gallery below. But measurements show that it has similar dimensions to the grand gallery, which is nearly 50 metres long, eight metres high and more than a metre wide.

...

“We know that this big void has the same characteristics as the grand gallery,” said Mehdi Tayoubi at the HIP Institute in Paris, a non-profit organisation that draws on new technology to study and preserve cultural heritage. “It’s really impressive.”

Now, if one follows the reasoning of pyramid researcher and engineer Chris Dunn, author of The Giza Powerplant, this would appear to make the chamber not a "relieving chamber" but rather some sort of acoustic amplification chamber, for Dunn does an excellent job of pointing out its acoustical properties. The idea of "relieving chambers" is derived from the standard narrative that the chambers above the King's chamber are "relieving chambers" to deal with the massive weight pressing down on the structure. They are no such thing, argues Dunn. Rather, the "relieving stones," notes Dunn, appear to have been so roughly carved on their tops to achieve certain acoustical properties. Or to put it more simply, the rough carving is to give the "relieving stones" resonant properties.

So by parity of argument, one might argue that this new chamber is for a similar functional and acoustic purpose.

But that's the rub: this is speculation, argued speculation and hypothesis to be sure, but still an hypothesis. And in the final analysis, until more is known about this chamber, one has to argue that the new chamber (1) may tend to corroborate such "machine hypotheses" as I outline in the above two paragraphs, or (2) to corroborate the standard Egyptological narrative, or (3) disprove one or the other absolutely.

How would it do the last? The answer is simple: if the chamber were accessed in such a way that there was no possibility of fraud, and if, for example, a mummy or actual pharoanic burial chamber was found, then, of course, the machine hypotheses would be immensely damaged. Why do I say "with no possibility of fraud?" Recall, in this case, the case of British Colonel Vyse and his suspiciously "convenient" discovery of cartouches in the "relieving chambers" above the King's Chamber, as outlined by Alan Alford in his book The Phoenix Solution. The problem with Vyse's discovery, as Alford points out, is twofold: (1) there were mistakes in the cartouches of a basic and egregious nature, such that it is unlikely an Egyptian builder would make them, and (2) the cartouches all appeared to be written on walls in the "relieving chambers" that were not dynamited by Vyse to gain entry into them. The odds of this were and are, as Alford points odd, not very likely. The problem, in other words, is that Egyptology, in the form of Colonel Vyse, would appear to be willing to go to extraordinary lengths to "prove" its narrative, and the proof, on examination, is highly problematical in his case.

For the moment, by parity of reasoning, it looks as if the new chamber does more to corroborate the machine hypotheses than the standard Egyptological view, but that said, it falls far short of conclusively proving them.

See you on the flip side...

 

 

41 thoughts on “NEW CHAMBER IN THE GREAT PYRAMID DETECTED”

  1. Question … which probably won’t be answered because this thread may have died … but I’ll ask it anyway!

    Has anyone done any thought experiments on the King’s Chamber acting as a microwave “chamber”? I have quickly looked into this idea but didn’t get anywhere because of the time it would take to read up on microwave physics. We know the dimensions of the chamber, so theoretically we should be able to work out the microwave “nodes” that the chamber would produce if it had microwaves fed into it. Similarly, the same could be done with the coffer. The actual source of the microwaves could potentially be the 21cm Hydrogen from the local celestial neighbourhood funnelled down into the chamber by the so called “air-shafts”.

    I have no idea whether I am being scientific here, and so none of this may be of any interest to anyone (laugh out loud). I did some electromagnetism at university but that was 30 years ago. So … any ideas, anyone? Any microwave engineers out there???

    1. Inside the Kings chamber.. the Schumann resonace is transformed from 7.8hz to 1.5hz.
      Which is the frequency for the pineal gland. Which may.. or may not mean anthing at all. Where are you on resonance? and why its important… OHHMMMMMMMMM 🙂

      Find out what thermal disaggregation is and why its relevant.

      The Kings Chamber is an accoustic amplifier. I wouldnt be surprised if the ‘new gallery’ doesnt lead to another Kings chamber.. or equivalent structure.

      The coffer is tuned to A=438hz.. but Dr F doesnt like repeating himself about that one… O.o.. (trolling?)

    2. AAAHH wait a minute.. you meant like a Microwave Cavity??? like as in an Particle Accelerator??
      Yes.. Possible.. as Dr F has clearly stated several times..ancient texts do point to there having been a greenish glow in the Pyramid, which would be consistent with the presence of a plasma and he has talked about the Piezoelectric qualities of the quartz itself (go back to thermal disaggregation….and the limestone would be a natural dielectric insulator…. without ‘knowing’ what really used to be in the stone coffer, and the cavity in the ‘Queen’s Chamber’.. (I hate calling them that…) its all supposition… Try going further into Solid-state physics and superconducteurs.. but anyway.. all supposition is ‘irrelevant’ now.. thanks to that colonel idiot destroying irreperably forever and ever…. with no way nor hope of ever restoring it to its original glory…. probably because.. we dont know how to do it.. the King’s Chamber..

      1. “unknown amount” of years of existence.. ruined in a day’s hard work of dynamite… because one man had his ego to think of…
        Right up there with the Mayan Codex’s being burnt by Spanish Priests..

        Way to go mankind!!!

  2. Even in high school in the 1970’s I remember reading reports of the pyramids as tombs and such. When I realized the scale of these structures I thought then this doesn’t make sense. Maybe it’s because I’m not as smart as they are–but I cannot understand how anyone could harness that much effort to build structures of this scale simply to house their bones! Machine or not this structure is more outhouse than tomb–and that as an explanation would be a bit extravagant for all the same reasons. No. Whatever these structures represent they are probably a machine. Dr. Farrell’s hypothesis is the best one yet, though it might not be star killer’s aiming mechanism. Its the ideal spot for a military style outpost of extreme antiquity for more reasons than one can count–just as the region still is today. Even if they found a body tomorrow I would still question how it was placed there. You can bet the answer they give might fit the agenda rather than the facts.

  3. anakephalaiosis –Very nice to be unboxed via the, yes, poetry, found in a comments box…be the ox or square circled…I get the point!

  4. It is impossible to make a solid discourse on religion, because of all the headless sympathy and antipathy projected into the area by “sheep”. Therefore we choose to redefine the purpose, as to retrieve the mindset of the original pyramid builders, assuming that Christ was a master builder.

    No one can deny, that an architectural construction is based upon a blueprint, being an idea, that functions as an abstract “Cornerstone”. No one can deny, that the building of a cathedral is first drafted in the mind of a master builder, whose logical “Logos” is engraved into the monument.

    Thus, we have a “mind seed” of a pyramid flower, that blossoms into deep space. The extension of the structure is invisible to the naked eye. A soul machine labeled “Year” is a “Death Star” of transmigration in reincarnation, as omega and alpha in organic crystal growth in Chora. The last and first Runes.

    What does it mean to grow crystal clear, if not the brilliance of cosmic mind, while not being withheld by gravitative flesh structure. Death is great and glorious. A doorway elsewhere and everywhere. One can not understand the pyramid, without understanding Death. Why is Death taboo, if not to keep one in ignorance?

    Which imperial Pope invented the “master key” to the other world? Was he not a bureaucrat attempting to gain control of an idea by picking the lock? Curse be on that imperial Pope, who is a slave master. They all are. All empires are slave factories. One escapes, by crystallizing the “empty thought” of deep space. By being swallowed by the deep, one gains power of the Black Sun.

    Attempting to think outside the box, one must first “unbox” the idea of “being outside the box”. Death is the word. How can one know an idea, that one is not allowed to think, and one is programmed not to think? This is the reason, why the Runes have been suppressed and falsified. The Runes are a powerful tool of high antiquity, on how to grow crystal in mind.

    That is rather poetic. Poetry knows no limits. It is the art of “unboxing”.

  5. I almost got into the Great Pyramid. I was with a group doing Giza and the Nile Temples. Unfortunately, the Egyptian gov’t (Zahi Hawass) had just decided to close the Great Pyramid for a year (!) to “renovate it and install ventilation fans.” (If you believe that, I have some bridges in Brooklyn I’d like you to make an offer on!) So, no luck. We did get into the second pyramid, though, and the ‘energy’ was astronomical…

    On the “relieving chambers”, I believe it was Dunn who disproved the structural hypothesis by simple reasoning: If the reason for the multiple, stacked layers of huge stones was structural, the so-called Queens Chamber – being deeper in the pyramid than the so-called Kings Chamber – would have an equivalent or even more-massive set of stacked layers. It does not. If the reason was structural, the Queens Chamber should have been squashed flat. Obviously not. So, the “relieving chambers” are NOT for structural reasons. Good reasoning, Mr. Dunn! Internal diagram:
    http://www.pyramidofman.com/chambers.html

    Some authors have suggested that the Great Pyramid was not built in one go. John Anthony West, in particular, noted that there seemed to be older and younger levels. If this suggestion is true, then a second “Grand Gallery” could have been constructed ATOP the first in a later age. This might explain the blocked-off ‘shafts’ running up from the QC. (The Mayans also constructed larger pyramids atop/around earlier, smaller pyramids.) As the QC, KC, and GG were blocked-off by granite slabs at some point (leaving only the ‘descending passage’), the second “Grand Gallery” may have been either an independent, later addition or an attempt to reconstruct the older structure from memory. Fascinating…

    1. Also fascinating, from the same url:
      “An interesting feature that should be mentioned while on the subject is the bowl-shaped hollows in the beams that make up the floor of the upper most chamber, otherwise known as Campbell’s chamber. For what use these basins were intended is another mystery. According to Petrie’s analysis, these might have been to hold the butt ends of beams which supported the sloping roof-blocks during the building.”

      From those photos of the ‘bowl-shaped hollows’, I could easily see a gradual grinding-out process to tune the harmonic-response of each beam and the structure as a whole. (If the structure was so finely-tuned, all the side-wall blasting may have irrevocably-altered the harmonic-response of the Kings Chamber structure as a whole. A shame…)

  6. Do you really think they’ll find a body in that chamber?
    Or if they do it would have been put there to salt the location and for all Egyptology to say” hey here’s a mummy”, see they built it! just like they we said they did.

    We both have the suspicion that they know very well what this is.

    Even Col. Vyse work is sloppy at best and for anyone who thinks freely for 120 seconds knows this is absurd. Why would hieroglyphics be located in those areas and no where else, etc, etc,

    Anyway i’m sure you’ve heard this all before.

    It really is true isn’t it….we’re living in a gigantic ruin? And I include the moon mars in that as well.

  7. Here’s a funny thing. About 18 months ago, I came across a website that had an article regarding an unpublished journal that Flinders Petrie kept. The gist of it was that Flinders Petrie found a small recess in one of the main chambers of the Great Pyramid (maybe the King’s Chamber (??)). Inside the recess was a golden box which had a couple of statues on the top of it (clumsy English, but you get the idea). I believe that the statues were either Isis or Osiris or both (can’t remember now). He, apparently, left the box where it was a resealed the recess (it might have been under a stone slab in the chamber mentioned above.

    This was complete news to me, and was a bit of a “woah” moment.

    I, unfortunately, did not make a bookmark of the website, and it may now have fallen down that infamous black hole of the internet never to be found again. Whether it was true or not, I don’t know but it was definitely something that made me stop, and pause for a few minutes.

    If I find the website again, I will publish the link here. Probably best not to watch this space though …

    Just another one of those little things that make you go “huh” …

    Regards,

    HP

  8. 2 suggestions and forgive if they’ve been said before –
    1. The whole structure was grown nano particles up. Follows Dr. Farrell s thinking the crystal skulls.
    If so it would be possible to code the hyper dimensional properties before building.
    2. Considering the mind boggling mathematical properties of the structure perhaps it’s perfection means it exists in all times and all dimensions as a constant and could be a fulcrum for the cosmos, a nodal point if you will for something like Dr. La Violette’s pan galactic pulsar network ….

  9. Maybe the sarcophagus in the Great Pyramid is a device similar to what the Goa’uld use in the Stargate series to rapidly heal injuries and extend their lifespans. Afterall, ancient texts often talk of far longer life spans of hundreds of years that most people can’t comprehend. Perhaps these devices were how it was achieved and the tech was taken out of public use only for a small minority to be privvy to its power in order to achieve a massive advantage over the rest of humanity. Let’s imagine that gold is required as part of this regeneration process, hence the need to build a hadron collider to manufacture more of it as the naturally mined form has all but run out. Let’s face it, the bars have all but disappeared from the vaults!

    1. oh nice dot connecting…. and if its real.. well the russians can transmute any element into anything they want, so no need to worry about a shortage of gold anytime soon..
      I will play devils advocat a little.. They knew about the chamber since at least end of 2011.. then the Arab Springtime… LOOOOOOOOOL happened.. thanks to Soros’ timely cash injection. Then what.. a few weeks ago.. they released their new Telemere lengthening technology.. Human cells once again in the prime of their youth.. That’s called immortality where I come from.

      Isnt Soros looking a lot younger these days..

    2. My speculation is the same, gold is very very rare in the universe. Since they have eaten it all to fuel their inhuman longevity and they don’t want to expose the fact that they are another species, well more crystal powder must be found for the next big party over at Epstein’s. (Rumor is the Saudi Princes have tried to claim diplomatic immunity, each brandishing passports from Epstein island chock full of immigration stamps)

  10. Dr F, did you think that you were drawn to the Pipe Organ when you were younger, in order to prepare you for your insights into the Pyramid??

    I would simply ask the same question again.. is it tiring being right all the time?

    Now.. I’m afraid that the GDS is tingling for this one.. I think that its the claims about being opened fairly.. or without bias..Does anyone here really think that for one second.. nay.. a picosecond.. (seeing as quark fusing is coming into fashion.. :)) that this cavity is going to be opened in grand public, in front of the ‘Eyes of the World’ a la Hawas?

    In 22/11/2015 we have an article in France talking about LEDLIQUID, a company specialising in INFRARED readings.. claiming to have found a heated (relatively speaking) cavity on the East side of the pyramid..

    http://www.leparisien.fr/chambly-60230/le-patron-d-une-societe-de-chambly-tente-de-percer-les-secrets-des-pyramides-22-11-2015-5302127.php

    during their mandate for the Scanpyramid initiative.. that should have started in 2011.. but..Soros started a revolution in Eygpt (maybe..possibly perhaps..) that started on the 25 January…so.. scanning couldnt start when it was supposed to… because a Revolution got in the way..just 2 years after Obama and Clinton got into power..who’s to say..maybe that Muslim Brotherhood that got put in place, the one with all those ties to Huma Abedin..yes.. the Stinger missiles.. Petraeus.. Sarin Gas.. no that’s ISIS.. sorry.. and they’re no longer UFO’s.. they’re UAPs.)
    So.. where were we.. ah yes.. scanning the Pyramids…. no. that got “scuttled” by Isis/muslim Brotherhood/the Crime Family’s personal Jihadists..in 2011…

    (I’ll briefly mention the rumour because HOS doesnt seem to be as HO as one used to think….. about knowledge being placed for safekeeping in the Pyramid.. the Halls of Amenti… supposedly by Thoth..who was supposedly the Scribe for the Gods, and his wife Seshat was the Goddess of writing. If we were to suppose that a war in the middle East was instigated and perpetuated in order to gain ancient technologies and knowledge.. would it be outlandish to suppose a staged ‘coup’.. or revolution would take place if certain technologies were at risk of being ‘discovered’.. especially by the French.. (its an old rivalry especially in that area.. that destroyed a lot of information during the glory years of archeology.. when Men were Men and Dynamited their way through rock if they wanted to..)
    SIDENOTE.. it’s probably nothing.. but Hawas got Pariah’d when the Muslim Brotherhood took over..literally frogmarched out of?.. his office?
    They got rid of the resident Pyramid Expert when they took power.. until Sisi got rid of them..

    The cavities.. yep cavatieS with an “S” because they were saying that there were 2 cavities on the 15/10/2016..at 16h15.
    https://www.sciencesetavenir.fr/sciences/egypte-kheops-pourrait-contenir-deux-cavites-inconnues_107494

    “L’équipe de #ScanPyramids peut confirmer la présence d’une cavité inconnue sur l’arête Nord–Est de la pyramide, à une hauteur d’environ 105 mètres du sol”, selon le communiqué de la mission scientifique.”
    (The Scanpyramid team can confirm the presence of an unknown cavity, on the North East arete (it translates as a very thin ridge of rock..) of the Pyramid about 105 metres from the ground..)

    They then go on to talk about corridors disappearing into the heart of the Pyramid..

    ScanPyramid.. they started the projet fully in 2016.. and lets take a little look at their partners in this scientific expedition..

    KEK the Egyptian God of Primodial Chaos himself!!! (In his oldest forms, he had the head of a snake…Talking snakes anyone?? ) ah.. no.. sorry.. Its the High Energy Accelerator Research Organistation.. So Japans particle accelerator is in on the goods as well.. and they call themselves KEK.. I wonder if they have a frog statue in front of their offices.. seeing as Shiva Dancing the Destruction was taken by CERN…I wonder if they’re interested in torque effect and fibonacci series when they’re accelerating particles up to a faction of the speed of light..I guess that they are there for the Muology technology and are interested in that particulier techonlogy branch.. but being called KEK.. it gets put in the same basket of “pfff!!! c’mon are you kidding me??…” as the LUCIFER telescope for the Vatican.. or the SATAN mainframe at CERN…

    Université Laval – Canadian University… about 140-160 kilometres from McGill University.. (yeh I can’t see Canadian now without wondering if the entire population hasnt been MK Ultra’d into the ground).. they say that they are the 6th leading university in Canada and their 300 million dollars of research funding, 25 percent comes from private partners..So I’m suspicious as to what they are doing in the Pyramid… Well I’m suspicious of 25 percent of 300 million dollars coming from private sectors, that are based in a country steeped with MK Ultra abuse…and ex ministers talking about UFO’s and Aliens.. when it was still considered Woowoo and wasnt being diclosed by a satanist who sings about incest and child abuse, who works hand in hand with a child abuser who very probably enables human traffiquing.. well.. anyway its just because it’s canadian that I’m mentionning it..

    They released this document in 2015. https://www.lefil.ulaval.ca/coeur-kheops-37808/

    The rest seem inoffensive.. plenty of Japanese interests.. but with KEK seeming to lead in the partnership.. which probably makes everyone say.. meeh.. Fukushima..they’re doing nothing now…. I’m sure most readers here will think of Japanese businessmen and paper money with pictures ofthe moon.

    They just need to find the 3rd echo chamber… I wonder what used to be in the Queen’s chamber..

    But I have absolutely no doubt what so ever at all in any form of possibility in every dimension that we exist in.. that this will be opened fairly in front of the grand public.. However… it was opened and emptied when the Muslim Brotherhood took over and started the wholesale plunder.. I wonder if that Bible museum picked up any of the goods…

    1. Robert Schoch also found a sizable ‘cavity’ beneath the Sphinx’ front paw and a tunnel running centrally beneath the Sphinx, before he and Thomas Dobecki were run out of town by Hawass for getting too close to actually finding something. I wonder if that cavity has been ‘looted’ by now…

      (By the way, you should look at the ‘hit piece’ published on Schoch by Wikipedia. Schoch’s geological dating of the Sphinx is a “Fringe Claim”, but Mark Lehner’s stonewalling is proclaimed as coming from God…)

      1. Yeh goshawks.. Hawass needs to be thrown to the lions.. or crocodiles.. or some particularly lusty hippos.. (Im joking…) (maybe..) The Hole in the head of the Sphinx was photographed a long time ago… with someone sticking his head and shoulders out of it.. so it goes some way down.. its been covered by concrete now.. Iamblichus Chalcidensis wrote about an entrance leading from the Sphinx to the ‘underground sections of the Pyramid..

        https://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/piramides/esp_piramide_25.htm

  11. If you’ve ever been inside, the interior of the Great Pyramid is plainly civil engineering, not ceremonial. Everything about it, however inscrutable to us today, is clearly purposeful and not conceived for display. It’s a massive machine or plant of some sort, that’s obvious, so the tired old canard of pharaoh’s tomb should finally be put to rest.

    The roughened slabs of the relieving chamber clearly had a purpose, otherwise they would not be that way. Everything inside that structure is clearly deliberate, and they obviously have to do with affecting or modulating whatever was inside the massive granite “sarcophagus” set below it, which of course was no such thing, but a finely crafted rectilinear coffer. It could have been acoustic but doubtless resonant of some sort, I doubt we’ll ever truly fathom what exactly went on in there.

    This discovery is very satisfying as I think pretty much everyone has long expected such a chamber or chambers to be found. I think there is a lot of validity to the proposition that one purpose of the Great Gallery, which is on a sharp incline, was to aid in construction, particularly in making it easier to lift the massive granite blocks that make up the so-called King’s chamber, and that elevation was doubtless a plateau in construction, and I suspect the newly discovered chamber also served the same purpose during construction, to winch up blocks on an incline. But it’s greater purpose is really a hard nut to crack. I hope we get to see inside soon enough, unhindered and uncensored.

    By the way, as Wiki tells us, “the ancient Egyptians cut stone blocks by hammering into them wooden wedges, which were then soaked with water.” Sure they did. Here is a lollipop, now go and play with Facebook and Instagram.

  12. How many mummies have been found in pyramids in Egypt, or world wide? They seem to have filled every niche other than tombs. This is a topic I have not looked into, personally.

    The fact that they are a world wide phenomena would seem to indicate that there was, at one time, a world wide civilizations influence that was partial to their construction. The apex of that civilization would appear to have been in the Middle East, where they reached their peak sophistication. There appears to be “pyramidal” structures on other planets, it may have been more than world wide.

    I would imagine the “history” of the antediluvian world is much different than we have been lead to believe it to be. Most of these structures are far older than is thought and most likely served different purposes than we have been lead to believe.

    Megalithic structures are built with immense stones for only one reason; they were designed and built to serve their purpose for a very long time. What that purpose was, who built them, and how they were built seems to have been lost or deliberately covered up after the flood.

    1. A tidbit of great import not often reported: when first breached in modern times, the interior surfaces of the Great Pyramid were covered in a film of salt. It was all soon enough removed and largely forgotten.

      There is a French engineer who pointed this out, arguing that the limestone blocks were actually a form of concrete and were cast in place, and that when they cured the process left these salt deposits. Others posit that the salt is sea salt, from the dime of the Great Flood, which also stipped the pyramids of their casing stones at their higher elevations. Personally, I think the latter is true, and it’s obvious that the Great Pyramid, the Sphinx and its “temples” and the Osireion unearthed in Abydos are at least 20k years old and most likely 60-80k or more.

      1. Robert Barricklow

        Definitely looks like pre-flood worldwide. There was an energy/communication bases for these alien grids. Perhaps just some were weaponized? Or, different functions, and/or specialized parameters?

      2. re: basta @ at least 20k years old and most likely 60-80k or more – my pet theory that matches this timeline – is that these were built in one dimension “higher” than present time-space, in a time-place discontinuous to this dimension thus its an ancient artifact built by a higher conscious civilization yet they know time flows backwards so the pyramids would serve multi-dimensional purposes, one of which is to awaken man’s wonder-ment in creation by allowing him the pleasure of believing, “we built those” yet, “we” can’t seem to duplicate nor remember how it was done…

        At the cosmos’ level, perfection is the given re: father-mother Creator, so there is a one way street to kali, before the return…all doing, the undoing, of our story…

    2. There was a different ‘mindset’ with those who built the earliest pyramids. As WD said, they were building for Eternity. Also, they required an ‘exactitude’ even where seemingly unnecessary. (Petrie, I believe, found that the Descending Passage deviated only a quarter inch from perfect smoothness over its full length. A better tolerance than we hold ourselves to, today.)

      And most importantly, no need for self-proclamation. As the ability to Build went down, kingly/priestly ‘graffiti’ went up accordingly…

    3. (Modded. Ironically, probably ‘exacti tude’. Let’s see…)

      There was a different ‘mindset’ with those who built the earliest pyramids. As WD said, they were building for Eternity. Also, they required an ‘exacti tude’ even where seemingly unnecessary. (Petrie, I believe, found that the Descending Passage deviated only a quarter inch from perfect smoothness over its full length. A better tolerance than we hold ourselves to, today.)

      And most importantly, no need for self-proclamation. As the ability to Build went down, kingly/priestly ‘graffiti’ went up accordingly…

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