THE QUADRUPLE ENTENTE: REVISION AND EXTENSION OF REMARKS
Last week, you'll recall, I blogged about what I am calling the "Quadruple Entente," a geopolitical realignment that I believe is emerging in response to Communist China's increasing threats and aggressiveness. To me, the parallels now with the period immediately prior to World War One are there for all to see: Mr. Xi, like Kaiser Wilhelm II, has proven to be an erratic leader, lashing out, rattling his saber, issuing threats to other world powers, and, through a skillful incompetence in the wielding of these blunt instruments, has managed to box China in with something between an alliance and a network; he has managed through bungling mixed in with a grand dollop of the dishonesty, ham-fistedness, and corruption that accompanies all socialist and communist regimes, to have his country surrounded by world powers that have had enough; India, Japan, and the USA, not to mention the regional powers being threatened by China (oftentimes through outright border intrusions or interference with shipping or fishing): Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, Laos, you name them, there's not a single country bordering that regime that has not been threatened, as recent Indian television broadcasts have made clear. I call this emerging geopolitical situation the "Quadruple Entente," an entente because it is an understanding of the major powers in the area - the USA, India, Japan, and Russia, not to mention the smaller powers - that China is the problem.
Some people took issue with my inclusion of Russia into that mix, arguing rather that economic circumstances - the West's economic sanctions and so on - have forced Russia to hitch its car to the Chinese locomotive. Citing various other things, they have argued that Australia, rather than Russia, is the other major player in that "Quadruple Entente." There's much to be said in favor of that point of view. Australia, like Japan, has been quietly considering the development of its own strategic preemptive strike capability. That could be more easily developed than one might first think, for in the wake of BREXIT, I argued that one would see the United Kingdom - a thermonuclear power, let us not forget - attempt to revivify the Commonwealth and cement ties with its two biggest members, Canada, and Australia. Recently the UK reached out to the Australian space ministry, and is seeking to ink deals with that country on space matters, which could easily morph into deals of a more military nature. Similarly, China's bluster could force other regional powers to overcome their colonial memories - Indonesia and Vietnam for example - to reach out and revivify their historical ties to Europe. The motivations here could be very similar to the reasons Australia and Japan are considering the development of their own deterrence capabilities: the long-term untrustworthiness of the USA as an ally, coupled with their likely observations that the domestic situation in the USA is not going to be resolved with the next cycle of elections.
So, that is a way of saying "I take your point" to those arguing that Australia is the real fourth member of the Quadruple Entente.
That said, I'm sticking with my idea that Russia has more to lose, and much to gain, by a reconsideration of its posture toward the west, and vice versa; the West now has ample reason to reconsider its attitude to Russia. Think about it: in the 1970s, Richard Nixon played the "China card" against the Soviet Union, then at the height of its power. Perhaps it is time to play the Russia card against China. Doing so would also have beneficial spill-over effects with other American allies, Germany and Japan in particular. As I've noted in past years, German businessmen have been seeking some way around the sanctions regime, since Russia represents a good market for Germany. Similarly, Japan could supply the capital and technology to Russia that Russia needs to build out its infrastructure in Siberia. Indeed, I strongly suspect that the pressures in evidence now will lead to precisely such a "change of attitude." Let us also recall that Mr. Trump, prior to his election, also voiced concerns that we needed to reevaluate our attitude to Russia. Should he be re-elected, such things might become more possible. Should he not be, then Japan and Australia will inevitably have to develop their capabilities.
All this brings me back to Russia, and why I think Russia is the real de facto fourth member of that Quadruple Entente, if not now, then it may soon be. China, as I noted in my original blog on this subject, is, like Germany in the first half of the 20th century, a "revisionist" power, i.e., it seeks to rebalance the world's geopolitical situation in its favor by challenges to the premier power and its allies: Great Britain then, and the USA now. In both cases, Russia was the "unexpected ally," since both British and American geopolitics have been obsessed since the 19th century to keep Russia hemmed in... that is, until another much more immediate threat emerged: Germany then, China now.
In this respect, Russia, like Japan, the Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand, Laos, India, Khazakstan and so on, has also felt the wrath of Chinese expansionist claims, which now, absurdly, have reached out to claim Vladivostok, Russia's major naval base in the Pacific!:
It's important to grasp China's "revisionist logic" here:
Chinese internet users, including diplomats and officials, claim that Vladivostok used to be a part of China. They claim it was Qing’s Manchurian homeland but was annexed by the Russian empire in 1860 after China was defeated by the British and the French during the Second Opium war.
Shen Shiweim, a journalist at the Chinese State-run broadcaster, China Global Television Network (CGTN) tweeted, “This “tweet” of #Russian embassy to #China isn’t so welcome on Weibo. The history of Vladivostok (literally ‘Ruler of the East’) is from 1860 when Russia built a military harbor. But the city was Haishenwai as Chinese land, before Russia annexed it via unequal Treaty of Beijing.”
The "logic" here ignores the old legal maxim, "possession in 9/10s of the law," and more resembles the Nazi Ahnenerbe idea that wherever there was evidence of an "Aryan" settlement in history(which surprise surprise, turned out to be pretty much everywhere in Europe, and a great deal elsewhere besides), the Third Reich therefore had a claim to reincorporate it into the Reich! The problem of course is that China has applied this elsewhere in its territorial claims; it's not a one off:
But China’s claims over Russia’s Vladivostok are not limited to the state-owned media. Even Chinese diplomats have jumped in. Zhang Heqing, a wolf-warrior from China currently stationed at the country’s Mission in Pakistan said, “Isn’t this what in the past was our Haishenwai?”
Meanwhile, the CCP IT cell too has gone berserk. A Weibo user wrote, “Today we can only endure, but the Chinese people will remember, and one generation after another will continue to remember!” SCMP quotes another user as saying, “We must believe that this ancestral land will return home in the future!”
It is outrageous how an expansionist China is making claims based on what happened in the middle of nineteenth century. No one ratchets irredentism as fondly as Beijing.
If Beijing keeps going ahead with this logic, it will claim the territory of every other neighbour. China has border disputes with 18 countries, including Brunei, Tajikistan, India, North Korea, Nepal, Bhutan, Malaysia, Mongolia, South Korea and the Philippines. It claims territories based on historical precedent dating back to the 13th and 14th centuries.
However, that's not all. This article contains a juicy little detail towards the end that, indeed, makes me think that Russia is quickly emerging as the quiet "fourth member" of that Quadruple Entente:
What this really does is bring an end to the ostensible show of Russia-China camaraderie that was playing out over the past few months. We always knew that Russia doesn’t want to be friends with China, and is forced to maintain seemingly close ties with Beijing only because it has been sanctioned heavily by the West and its top companies pushed out of the dollar-based financial system.
Moreover, Moscow is apprehensive of Chinese investments in the Russian Far-East. This sparsely populated Russian territory boasts of abundant natural resources, and traditionally looks at it as vulnerable to Chinese influence or even colonialization.
China has been eager to invest here in a bid to gain influence but Russia wants to counter this dependence on China that was also writing on the wall with India’s US $1 billion line of credit to Russia for development of the Far East region. (Emphases added)
Notice the implication: the West may have sanctions on Russia, but it doesn't on India, and can ill afford to allow India to succumb to China. India thus becomes the way around those sanctions, and in the long-term, could become the "go-between" for that re-evaluation of attitudes... Imagine if Mr. Modi decides to host the leaders of Japan, Russia, the USA, and Australia...
... in other words, prepare for things to get very, very interesting, with, or without, the USA...
See you on the flip side...
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Interesting article, and I say the problem go even back in the past. China and USSR even had a brief hot war in 1968 or 1969, to settle a border dispute iirc.
More so, Russia itself opened the possibility for such take over, offering exactly the same excuse for taking Crimea from Ukraine (in total disregard of international laws), on the basis that it was a Russian territory sometime in the past.
This play right in Chinese hands, since Vladivostok area was also a Chinese territory in the past.
Russia also like to play the “opressed Russian minority that should be saved” card against weaker and smaller former soviet republic around. This again can be easily used by China in Siberia, considering both the influx of Chinese established over the border and the non-Russian/Caucasian but Asian/Mongolic/Siberian people who live there as part of Russian Federation, and who can be swayed on China camp at some point.
Back in the day, iirc some former General, Lebedev, who became governor in some of far east Russian republics, even threatened to split from Russia and become and independent republic in Siberia. Russia was forced to grant special rights and autonomy to some as Tatars republics or Chechnia for example, basically pay some local warlord to keep the peace for them. Russia is a multi-ethnical empire, it is only strenght and bribe who keep it glued together, but when that won’t be enough it will break apart incredibly fast
China dwarfs Russia as economic power and sooner or later (I say sooner) they will at least become equal as military power, if not surpassing Russia.
Putin and his gang of oligharcs became incredibly rich, and even if Putin forced his way to basically appoint himself as czar for life, won’t last much, despite cosmetical sugeries to look younger and brutal crushing any internal opposition.
And oligarchs won’t risk a nasty death in a total war if they can keep their good life in a smaller Russia, or as puppet rulers of local republics under Chinese (or even US) control.
Siberia is huge and have lots of resources, Russia aquired it relatively recent at history scale, and is sparsely populated by a mix of Russian and indigenous, non Russian populations. China have a huge population but increasingly smaller living space. They need bigger spaces, with ability to feed larger amounts of people, and preferable not affected by polution. Siberia is perfect for them. Americans also have the technology and money to exploit such resources, and both US, China and European Union might want to have a profitable share.
China is a problem now due to its growth that threaten US and European positions at world scale, and agressive politics against neighbours, but if gets focused on Russia, the newly formed alliance can be China, US, Japan (EU might join at some point, if things look good) against Russia.
Japan also have unfinished businesess with Rusia (basically all Russian neighbours have, due to Russian imperialism against them), like Kurile islands for example.
China won’t be bothered anymore with South China Sea and small annoying clashes with neighbours there, if they get a fair share of Siberia. I say on the long run, everyone wait for clear signs of weakness, to go for the Russian empire and feed on its body. Considering how agressively and cruel Russia worked as empire by now, it doesn’t have any real allies and friends around, just cold business relations, rivals who wants to eliminate them and enemies waiting for payback
Russia does have resources everyone else lacks. Organic food. A literate population unhobbled by pharmaceuticals. Access to and understanding of abiotic petroleum. Lots if dual citizen scientists more loyal to Russia working in the tech ctr of the planet.
Russia is one of the richest countries in the world when is about natural resources, ofcourse. Except they are unable to use that at full potential, their economy is about the size of Italy, and its controlled by a tight, rather small circle of oligarchs around Putin and former KGB power center. They also fall more and more behind US when is about sophisticated military technologies
The rest of the population is treated like serfs, like pretty much always in Russian history. Not that this system isn’t the same, more or less, almost everywhere in the world, is just more visibile and oppressive in dictatorships like Russia, China and I don’t need to mention the worse ones like North Korea. In other places like most of Europe or North America they give you visible more space to breath and a longer chain to move around.
Also you can find organic food elsewhere in the world, including lots of Europe (don’t know the situation in US, I get is worse from this point of view). Russian population have a lower life hope on average than most of Europe, especially men (as everywhere men live less than women).
You also need to wonder why many Russians want to emigrate, and are replaced by imigrants from former Soviet republics, many of them muslims.
You can see such scenes right on the streets of Moscow
This is laughable to think Vladivostok is Chinese territory, and Russia will do whatever to protect territorial integrity. Further, most PLA/PLAGF troops are deployed in Eastern, Western and Southern TC, where are the troops to pressure Russia? China is not like 9 feet tall giant, and everyone just buckle.
And if this is the case, you see India dropping one china policy in the future, and claiming over whole Tibet.
This might be absurd, but so does the Chinese claims. And you might don’t know why Indians send Sikhs Generals for any military talks with China? *cough* boxer rebellion.
Also, I need to add, why China needs Siberia. Seriously? I think you not giving enough attention toward China Pakistan relationship
Why do you think why the conflict happened in Galwan? Might be that’s because India holds power to block all water to Pakistan? And capturing the Shyok river provides an all-weather route to Gilgit (while Karakoram Highway is not all-weather right now), also taking away the power of India as an upper riparian state.
China have the biggest population on Terra. It still have lots of uninhabitated space, yet that is mostly desert or high mountains, impossible to use for habitation and feeding large populations. They also suffer for huge pollution and they constantly need various resources for their increasingly huge economy.
Siberia gave them the perfect answer to all these. Its huge, its mostly clean, have lots of resources, and the global warming make it more and more fit for inhabiting and land cultivation.
On top of that parts of it (including Vladivostok area) belonged to China up to 19th century, when Russia caught China down and took it from it (China at that time was having trouble to other European powers as UK, during Opium Wars, and Russia basically back stabbed them and take it from them as China was unable to fight back).
Technologies as ballistic missiles will soon become obsolete, if not already vs rivals as US who might have different means to shot them down before reaching their targets. Thats why Russia look lately to alternatives as nuclear torpedoes of one megaton (if that could reach the target as well) or nuclear powered cruise missiles able to fly around the world (but tests for that apparently failled miserably).
China military is growing at a fast pace, and they apparently will deploy and mass produce before Russia a 5th generation fighter jet with some stealth characteristics.
China also plan for long game, and move at a slow pace, they always took their time when expanded.
In my opinion, at the first moment when nuke missiles will become obsolete (due to stuff like direct energy weapons, better air defense missiles, etc), they will start moving much more agressively in Siberia. And that will take just decades, I believe.
And with ten time bigger population and dwarfing Russia as economy, China will have the first chance in such a war
My bet’s on Russia being part of the entente, or at least wanting to be (if the West will let it). For deep-rooted historical and cultural reasons, Russia and China are anything but natural allies; they’re more like mutually distrustful, mutually disdainful, uneasy neighbors.
Ok Doc, there might be more to what you wrote:
Evacuations In China As Hubei Dam Begins to Slide; Cities Issue Red Alert on Floods | Crossroads |
Epoch Times as I understand it is Falun Gong based.
Shortage of food? Looks like they’ll have one very huge rice paddy in a short while.
Yes Epoch Times I understand is also supported also by one of China’s very wealthy dissidents.
Sorry, but you either laugh and/or cry.
Nation-states being the axis of our unsustainable war economy, the only way out of this conundrum is to create a sovereignty ideal that, as Simone Weil [pronounced WEY] proposed is capable of “looking up” and not just “down”… which to me is what “autonomy” implies. Free local autonomies within a biorregional matrix is today as possible as necessary, with all languages spoken in such communities recognized. Freedom of enterprise without capitalism –which is not freedom of enterprise at all, just a sheepskin covering up the wolf inside. Silvio Gesell’s The Natural Economic Order you must read (Keynes predicted S.G. would eventually be more famous than Marx and I only wish!). With three national citizenships to my name I dream of the day when local citizenships will determine our freedom to come and go. All in favor of The United Biorregions of the World-Wide-Web say YES!!
One is not late to the party that the Party (the one that boasts of resolving Tiananmen) has thus far concocted in Asia and around the globe. Things are already very interesting and, more importantly, very Ancient, too, if not presumed mythical. If one were to be so bold, it favors the current peoples of India, not any horde of tyrants from the north or their submissively inline allies (or else).
It would seem that that petaflopping storyteller, with Mandarin symbology, is working overtime. Makes one wonder when the last time they checked the integrity of its function. Do hope they understand that integrity in construction or any managed engineering feat, whether structural or social, cannot be stolen let alone made to last a marathon when it’s dysfunctional from the start. It is unwise and misguided to poke the Bear like Hitler and Napoléon did to hasten their own removals.
[ chat mode .. Marcos Toledo. I watched Chimera, you were correct, though funny enough it was only that last scene with the chimera factory that I at all remembered from it. The scariest thing this time was the scientists. the issues transfer to gain of function corona labs and Fauchi and the bat Lady, then to the DNA bending vaccine which will pass on to offspring. Ahh nostalgia, when they only snipped one’s willie at birth to get rid of the pig factor].
One scenario is once all the t’s are crossed and the i’s are dotted, there will be communism for those who want no god and Judaism for those who do. Guess who is in control?
Maybe it would be better if Xi retires and lets another become the Great Helmsman of China. As to Chinese territorial claims, Talis lost in 751 AD under the Tang dynasty is stronger than Vladivostok since the Manchu are not Chinese.
FORGERY & FRAUD AT THE CDC
Del Bigtree is getting censored faster. Get it while we can. Gootube censored his short video on mask contaminants in under 2 hours of his posting it.
Given the increasing Chinafication (covid fascism) obvious in Oz an NZ, how will I ever believe again that these are not now rock solid China colonies?
There is no way Australia is or every will be a ‘solid China colony’.
It is the exact opposite.
Australia has taken very powerful measures recently to push CCP influence back to where it came from.
I am hearing differently from Oz. Lockdowns and other Chinafication attacks on Oz citizens make me believe they are more colonized than California.
Doc, where does Bibi weigh in on Xi?
Its clear that one of the main purposes of covid84 is to provide cover for pre-planned political, economic and commercial stealth expansionism by the Communist/Globalist international network with China leading the power-grab with the full backing of various Western swamps (Pelosi et al) and Israel. Apparently, the West has long underestimated China’s designs on it. I just don’t buy the line being peddled by the media that China is bad cop and everyone else hates it. China is happy to play fall-guy and scapegoat in public in return for the spoils of war being proffered by its fifth column comrades in the West… You scratch my back,…mutatis mutandis. I could be wrong but anything the msm is pushing right now is part of the psyop..
Given the Chinese owned companies taking over American ones, I have to agree. Dug around on Harvey Weinstein to find that his outting and prosecution was a merger gone hostile when he did not sell to his Chinese buyers submissively enough. Think any other players in the US will be a bit softened up when they sell to Xi and all?
No matter what “we” happening on the surface of geopolitical waters; what are the unseen deep current effects of covid1984’s economic warfare having?
Factions w/in China, Russia, and the U.S. had to be against this[CV] political/economic coup d’état.
“Economic sanctions” are threatening and effective; but covid1984’s economics are deadly in comparison,
not to mention the Acts of God. Are both deep black ops policy at the tip-top of the hierarchical TPTB pyramid?
But was this covid1984 an op against China; against Trump; against nation states; and other treasure troves of embedded culture and power structures?
Most of the current global leadership is using covid1984 to their own political/economic advantage. Although, “they” may become stronger; their states are getting weaker.
China looks to trapped in a geopolitical snare; that even w/a covid1984 defense, XI’s faction can’t be saved.
So what happens what a Dragon is surrounded?
Or, should I say, a fire-breathing Dragon?
Personally I don’t find China particularly more obnoxious than any of the other powers; viewed dispassionately, they’re all quite obnoxious and shameless when they want something. It’s an endless game of brinkmanship and seeing just how much you can get away with. China’s simply gone as far as it can with easy plays and now it’s meeting stiffening resistance, and provoking the other powers — who have no problem with hustling one another when they see it as in their interest and calculate that they can get away with it — to coalesce in opposition.
Regarding the outlandish Vladivostok claim, one thing that irks me is the ridiculous amplification and manipulation of comments/complaints by malcontents using social media to complain about anything and make ridiculous demands that would have simply been ignored before the advent of said social media. As it is now, a faceless student — or a Chinese extremist with a penchant for Lebensraum — can post a Twit and can have a professor or dean fired within days, or ratchet up international tensions. It is a wildly destabilizing echo chamber and out of all proportion with the legitimacy of the accuser and the validity of their claims. Of course this is all being used to further agendas and provide the thinnest of reasons to take actions that would otherwise cause outrage, and has the added benefit of chilling free speech from anyone with scruples.
Oh, and BTW, BRICS sure is dead, isn’t it?
I really do not understand why todays Germany is paonted as a threat.
The country is on its knees, still ruled by the victors of WW2, flooded with tens of millions of migrants, deindustrialized in a steady way since the 1960s, the military is not worth its name, large parts of the population are dumbed down, they are believing in the gender gaga, falling to climate, covid19 and other Tavistock hoax, the country`s bankrupt, they do not get any more money out of the ECB without providing collateral (that they don`t have), Germany`s one billion Euro target 2 saldo with the ECB is toast: we`ve shipped cars and machinery to all over the world but didn`t get paid, bad debt; our biggest companies are all foreign-owned, I could go on and on …
Honestly, I don`t see ANY threat. Am I missing important points? (question without sarcasm)
I took extra care to mention that Germany was YESTERDAY’s threat in the blog. Read carefully. That said, I’ve spoken often before on how Germany could again become a major player, in blogs going back several years, and indeed, why it may be forced to become such.
A European bank went after Cold War warriors in Norway, and a Freemason got two years sentence in Narvik.
I reject being labeled Nazi, by pretenders on thrones, who fear competition, and therefore I have decided to be Old English Cyning.
Europe is slave colony of the USA, and the USA are slave colony of the pope.
Vatican is deified mafia.
Australia is slowly opening the door for a native nuclear deterrent: https://www.aspistrategist.org.au/defence-update-signals-australias-waning-faith-in-us-extended-deterrence/
We did have a programme in the 50s-60s with the UK.
For what it’s worth, Australia has just signed a a significant space agreement with Japan:
Australia’s new Defence Strategic Update puts forward that the US Combined Space Operation Initiative (includes France & Germany) will closely partner with Australia (and Japan) + 5 EYES
Australia is already a world leader in laser-based space tracking and operates in seven locations, and Western Sydney University’s International Centre for Neuromorphic Systems has developed a mobile space surveillance system which employs technology inspired by nature that allows observation of satellites even in daytime.
Australia boasts a world-leading advanced plasma systems that provide highly efficient and flexible in-space electric propulsion for satellites.
Australia has been successfully and quietly developing hypersonic missiles (see HiFire). In 2012 the HIFiRE program was awarded the prestigious von Karman Award for International Cooperation in Aeronautics by the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences ICAS).
Commentators from ‘big powers’ seem to forget that Australia as a ‘middle power’ has a very long history in defeating ‘big power’ armies.
Don’t forget we have a greater research presence and access to ANTARCTICA than anyone else on earth………..
The ASPI article does not say what you claim. Rod Lyon extrapolates on what he claims is omitted and allegedly hence inferred from a single paragraph of the defence document in question. A paragraph cut and pasted from that document’s 2016 ancestor. How’s about considering the remainder of the 68 pages?
Recall, ASPI presents articles that invent and argue all kind of absurdities. We should have a privatised military by now going off their predictions from ten years ago. Seems more a foreign defence industry advertising front to me.
And a whole lot of environmental research people hanging about in Antarctica means anything, other than there are a whole lot of environmental research people hanging about in Antarctica? Plans to weaponise ice-core drilling rigs???
Joseph, a thought-provoking article. Thanks.
My thought is that we are seeing something similar to the ‘adjustments’ seen throughout the last few centuries in Europe, whenever one Power began to become more dominant. Other, lesser Powers would form ‘alliances of convenience’ to balance-out the forces. Opportunism, back-biting, and betrayal were the norm. Sound familiar?
One viewpoint is from the “Phoenician Navy” stance. No one is truly ‘independent’; they are taking orders from a more-dominant (if hidden) regime. A rigged game, in a Matrix/Neo sense. Things will shuffle-around to keep the sheeple occupied, but no lasting harm will happen unless the Overlords desire it.
Down on the more-local level, many have observed that the US is trying to split Russia from China. Those technocrats are terrified of a Eurasian-landmass alliance settling-in. In many ways, Russia and China are natural complements – barring ego issues. Russia has massive fuel; China needs massive fuel. China has massive manufacturing; Russia needs massive manufactured products. Etc. If they can stop sparring, they could become useful ‘partners’ to each other. That must not be allowed…
The other interesting ‘angle’ involves what the UK will become, once it is fully-exited from the EU (with or without Scotland and Northern Ireland). Several generations of so-called ‘leaders’ have gutted UK manufacturing abilities. Such a loss. Plus, their coal is gone. Their tin mines are closed. Fisheries are depleted. However, they have nuclear-missile-carrying submarines…
My suspicion is that there are secret ‘deals’ to form a lash-up with the US. None of the Commonwealth Nations – truly speaking – has enough of a world ‘presence’ to form anything other than a feeble alliance. So, I would look for a campaign of a “We are Brothers” sense to materialize. With the Royals as ‘senior members’, of course.
It will be interesting to see what the “Phoenician Navy” has in mind for us…
American issue is first and foremost with the pope.
Americans must define their own slave master, the pope.
Americans must realize, that they are a slave colony, owned by the pope.
Phoenician Navy is called Mayflower.
“None of the Commonwealth Nations – truly speaking – has enough of a world ‘presence’ to form anything other than a feeble alliance.”
Respectfully goshawks I would disagree. I would argue the Commonwealth is very powerful and influential.
Australia, UK, NZ and Canada make 4/5 of the 5 Eyes alliance-the most powerful Intelligence group on earth!
India is a Commonwealth country. That makes two nuclear powers just in this 5. India, Australia and Japan operate militarily together.
Add Singapore and Malaysia. Both with strong military agreements with Australia and NZ. Singapore has a very good military and finance base (now increasing with the fall of HK). Australia has an airbase in Malaysia (Butterworth).
In 2019, the Commonwealth members had a combined gross domestic product of over $9 trillion, 78% of which is accounted for by the four largest economies: India ($3.010 trillion), United Kingdom ($2.743 trillion), Canada ($1.652 trillion), and Australia ($1.379 trillion).
I wouldn’t call this feeble 😉
MFB, I thought I might get ‘blowback’ on this one (grin). I meant world ‘presence’ by the ability to cause changes in the rest of the world. We can argue about this one, of course. The Five Eyes is one of the principal (closet) influences in the world. On the other hand, the UK had trouble beating Argentina over the Falkland Islands. I do think that the UK is very powerful in “Phoenician Navy” terms…
(I had not remembered that India was a member of the Commonwealth. I visited India twice, and the locals had a very ‘mixed’ view of the British occupation. I guess I would call India a very ‘loose’ member of the Commonwealth…)
India is part of the commonwealth, just that India is republic and dont accept Queen or King as Head of the state. Because of that British had to pass the London Declaration,1949.
And as for mixed views, I don’t think we hate British or love them. The more strategic relationship is with France and Russia.
A lot of people don’t know there was a covert strategic relation ( mainly in the nuclear arena) in the 60s and 70s between France-India-Iran-Israel ( during shah period). Shah of Iran tried to fund the Indian nuclear program during Indira Gandhi’s time, in hope India able to provide a nuclear umbrella to them.
So, I don’t know about UK, but India is very very close to France. Even now.
So, You don’t find many relationships between India and the UK, but there is a very deep nexus between India-Israel-France.
So much so, Mossad agents actually provide security whenever PM Modi visit to the Middle East. Not retired or private security, actual Mossad agents.
5 eyes have more than 5 eyes now. I think it is up to 9 or more now. According to Bibi, he accesses the 2nd or perhaps first eye. Seems odd to miss the influence on and in the commonwealth of some unofficial members.
In the volatile quantum state, one flips a coin.
There is either this side or that side, unless one transcends.
Awareness itself expands, outside the process of thinking.
Empty mind is omnipresent.
The process of transcending is holding the totality of everything, in a single thought.
That is of course impossible, but the attempt itself is a thought given intent.
The impossible thought is what God is, and embracing it is ascension.
The tree becomes an image of vertical, central and peripheral time, defining God.
Twin tower trees frame the Sun,
The color of green and burnished gold.
Here now to witness this beautiful site,
Watch the Sun as it melts and floods
The sky in yellow saffron light;
The Eternal Youth of Summer has come…
Seasons are defined in time, by their predecessor, successor, and diametrical opposition, in the eternal return.
Seasons reflect the four elements, and they are bound together as One Year – in the eye of the cycle of the sundial.
Quantifying the sundial, becomes a stairway to heaven, and therefore Old English Ryne is Latin religō.
Ryne-Stafas spell Yahweh the Year, in geometry of quantified sundial:
For major Tom
Chang E flies
with Mishka Mushka
And Mickey is having his way with Minnie
And I need a stiff drink