Ever since the story of Pons and Fleischman broke in the late 1980s, I've been fascinated by the cold fusion story for several reasons and most of them having to do with the thought of deliberate suppression. When it first broke, the scientific community was duly - and in my opinion, rightfully - skeptical. Over time, as the evidence for the reality of the phenomenon grew, so did the explanations for the phenomenon, and two models, or rather, terms were invented to explain it: LENR, or Low Energy Nuclear Reactions, and LANR, or Lattice-Assisted Nuclear Reactions. This latter term has always been my favorite, being more specific and descriptive.
Now, in this article shared by M.D., NASA has weighed in with a clear signal that it, too, prefers the latter description:
Here's the essence of it:
Called Lattice Confinement Fusion, the method NASA revealed accomplishes fusion reactions with the fuel (deuterium, a widely available non-radioactive hydrogen isotope composed of a proton, neutron, and electron, and denoted “D”) confined in the space between the atoms of a metal solid. In previous fusion research such as inertial confinement fusion, fuel (such as deuterium/tritium) is compressed to extremely high levels but for only a short, nano-second period of time, when fusion can occur. In magnetic confinement fusion, the fuel is heated in a plasma to temperatures much higher than those at the center of the Sun. In the new method, conditions sufficient for fusion are created in the confines of the metal lattice that is held at ambient temperature. While the metal lattice, loaded with deuterium fuel, may initially appear to be at room temperature, the new method creates an energetic environment inside the lattice where individual atoms achieve equivalent fusion-level kinetic energies.
A metal such as erbium is “deuterated” or loaded with deuterium atoms, “deuterons,” packing the fuel a billion times denser than in magnetic confinement (tokamak) fusion reactors. In the new method, a neutron source “heats” or accelerates deuterons sufficiently such that when colliding with a neighboring deuteron it causes D-D fusion reactions.
That, in essence, is how cold fusion works: a metal, which has a crystalline lattice structure, is "deuterated" or saturated with deuterium gas, embedding deuterium atoms within the metal to a density far higher than hot fusion reactors contained within magnetic fields.
Thus far, such deuteration is rather clumsy, and the saturation of metals (in NASA'S case, erbium) with deuterium is hit and miss, that is to say, the deuteration occurs more or less randomly. Therefore, imagine what might happen if regular deuteration could occur, effectively setting up a lattice of deuterium inside the lattice of a metal. As the article notes, the phenomenon is real, but as it currently stands, lacks practical application because the energies achieved are far below those needed by NASA.
So one wonders what would happen if, say, a deuterated metal could be set into rotation, and if that metal itself was capable of being made into a plasma, what would happen? Imagine a metal like mercury (a good candidate for a plasma), being heavily deuterated, rotated, and made into a plasma...
In other words, current LANR research focuses on two elements: lattice structure, and saturating that structure with deuterium (or to put the same point differently, embedding deuterium atoms within that metallic lattice structure). But I'm suggesting at least a third, and possibly a fourth, ingredient might render these LANRs more efficient: mechanical rotation, and high electro-magnetic stress.
... that might ring a bell for some people...
See you on the flip side...