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Dark matter is one of the artifacts of the standard model of physics, a model dominated by the twin pillars of Jachinite relativity and Boazite quantum mechanics. Well, consider the following interesting article from phys.org:

Dark matter may be an illusion caused by the quantum vacuum

There's a number of statements here that I wish to draw attention to, because they perfectly illustrate the predicament that western theoretical physics has got itself into. Note the following statements:

"Like his previous study featured on PhysOrg about a cyclic universe successively dominated by matter and antimatter, Hajdukovic’s paper on a dark matter alternative is also an attempt to understand cosmological phenomena without assuming the existence of unknown forms of matter and energy, or of unknown mechanisms for inflation and matter-antimatter asymmetry. In the case of the fast rotational curves of galaxies, he explains that there are currently two schools of understanding the phenomenon.

“'The first school invokes the existence of dark matter, while the second school invokes modification of our law of gravity,' he said. 'I suggest a third way, without introducing dark matter and without modification of the law of gravity.'”

In other words, the whole notion of dark matter and dark energy come from theoretical and mathematical artifacts of the standard model; they are not the result of observation and experiment, but rather, the result of observation interpreted through the lens of the assumed model.

It was this whole approach that was brought into physics by Einstein's two theories of relativity, which sought a different interpretation of the results of an experiment, the celebrated Michelson-Morley experiment. As many physicists of the time suspected, there was a problem both with the way the original experiment was set up (Georges Sagnac), and the way it was interpreted (Herbet Ives).

What is interesting here is that Hajdukovik is hypothesizing something quite similar to German physicist Burkhardt Heim, namely, that there is a direct relationship between electromagnetism and gravity, in that matter and anti-matter are also a gravitational dipole and the result of a broken symmetry:

"His ideas (like those in the previous paper) rest on the key hypothesis that matter and antimatter are gravitationally repulsive, which is due to the fact that and antiparticles have gravitational charge of opposite sign. (Though like matter, antimatter is gravitationally attractive with itself.) Currently, it is not known whether matter and antimatter are gravitationally repulsive, although a few experiments (most notably, the AEGIS experiment at ) are testing related concepts.

“Concerning gravity, mainstream physics assumes that there is only one gravitational charge (identified with the inertial mass) while I have assumed that, as in the case of electromagnetic interactions, there are two gravitational charges: positive gravitational charge for matter and negative gravitational charge for antimatter,” Hajdukovic explained.

"If matter and antimatter are gravitationally repulsive, then it would mean that the virtual particle-antiparticle pairs that exist for a limited time in the quantum vacuum are “gravitational dipoles.” That is, each pair forms a system in which the virtual particle has a positive gravitational charge, while the virtual antiparticle has a negative gravitational charge. In this scenario, the quantum vacuum contains many virtual gravitational dipoles, taking the form of a dipolar fluid."

Whether or not Hajdukovic's proposal will ultimately be born out will have to rely on the basis of experimentation. But that's the point. It's at least a testable hypothesis. If true, then the standard model will have to undergo some adjustment. But it is an adjustment that could conceivably lead to new forms of energy and propulsion technologies, for a broken symmetry leading to such a gravitational dipole -like electromagnetic circuitry - is conceivably an engineerable phenomenon.


  1. The Electric Universe model makes far more sense than the Big B based on the red Shift.
    My concern is that opposing theories to BB such as the Electric Universe where the univ is primarily composed of plasma is censored.

  2. The “Electric Universe” folks make two observations:

    1) 99% of the universe is made up of plasma (electrically charged matter)

    2) electromagnetic forces are WAY stronger than gravity (10 raised to the 30 or 40 power stronger, something like that)

    As long as astronomy ignores EM forces, and pretends that gravityy is the only game in town, it will produce nothing but nonsense.


    In the continuum of space and time, exists the dichotomy of matter and energy. All things exist as both matter and energy, but are experienced as one or the other.
    As energy, all things exist as wave patterns. Most wave patterns are interferences of simpler wave patterns. The simplest wave forms are those that do not interfere with other waves. These simplest wave forms hold their shape as they propagate. There are three such wave forms.
    The first such wave form is seen in three dimensions as the spherical expansion wave of a bomb blast, and in two dimensions as the circular wave of expansion on the water where a rock was tossed in. The second wave form is seen in three dimensions as the cone of sonic boom following an aircraft traveling faster than sound, and in two dimensions as the V-wake on the water where the boat is traveling faster than the water wave. The third wave form is seen in three dimensions as the propagation torus of a smoke ring and is seen in two dimensions as the double vortexes of an oar stroke on the water.
    The Torus is a particle of discrete exchange, from one point to another. The object exchanges position and momentum. While the spherical wave shows position, and the conic wave shows momentum, the torus shows both at the same time, and has a dynamic finite unbounded reality. The volumes of the cone, sphere, and torus are mathematically related as static objects.
    The Universe is a local density fluctuation. (a wave pulse) On this local density fluctuation wave, lesser wave forms may exist. All simple wave forms are also local density fluctuations, and as such are indeed universes in their own right, where other waves may exist.
    Consider the torus as a universe. Einstein said that gravity is indistinguishable from acceleration. There is both linear acceleration and angular acceleration. Although the torus as a whole travels in a straight line, every local point on the torus travels in a circle and experiences angular acceleration.
    The rubber sheet model of gravity and curved space translates directly to the propagating torus with angular acceleration. Acceleration is downward on the rubber sheet and outward on the torus. The tension field that separates the inside of the torus from the outside holds its shape as a simple two dimensional field of space and time just as the rubber sheet does.
    Experimentally verifiable is that a big fat slow smoke ring generated in a room with very still air will eventually possess a bulge that travels in a circle on the surface of the smoke ring. This bulge, being a gravitational depression, gathers more of the energy of the field toward itself. Finally the bulge gathers enough material to collapse the field and eject a new, smaller smoke ring out in the same direction as the first torus. This collapse is a black hole to the first torus, and a white hole to the second torus, where the axes of space and time in that second torus have reversed.
    While gravity tends to draw depressions together locally on a dynamic torus, even to the point of field collapse, other areas on a torus expand and contract globally as the torus propagates along without regard to local phenomenon on the surface. This is quintessence. The inertia of the torus to propagate is its dark energy. This is a two-dimensional example of the process that we experience in three dimensions.

    From structureofexistence.com by Dan Echegoyen 951-204-0201

  4. I strongly suspect that much more is known about gravity by “somebody” in the scientific community than is publicly let on.

    If it is testable, I sat test it. Otherwise, we are left with things like Einstein’s “Gravitational Constant.” What I mean by this is, for lack of better terminology, a “Dark Matter Constant.” Such a constant does us about as much theoretical good as a simple question mark. (?)

  5. Ah! After reading the excellent biography by one of Tesla’s contemporaries, I really wish could be around to read this! He’d be sooo vindicted.

      1. The Earth orbit ellipse approximates a circle, so 93 million miles works for the radius.

        Lots of posts time out from my end, even with a fast connection.

  6. Find a PDF of the orignial Michelson Morely paper; it doesn’t say what most think.

    I can’t find the link from within Wikipedia anymore, and not all of the paper is posted there.

    The American Physics Institue or Org in Lancaster, PA used to have the PDF on their website, and even they admitted the error in the history of that paper.

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