EARTHQUAKES AND THE SUN
For quite some time I've had the wild idea that our habits of thinking about physical systems are all wrong, namely, that we tend to think of every system as a kind of closed phenomenon, having no impact or influence upon other systems. It's out human habit: to analyze something we tend to break it off from the context in which it occurs, rather than look at the context itself as a contributing factor to the phenomenon or phenomena we wish to analyze. Systems are usually open systems rather than closed ones, interacting with other systems that might not even be "local" in the conventional sense. I'm by no means alone in this view: the internet has been alive with amateur "systems watchers" for some time, trying to correlate data from a variety of systems to see if patterns emerge, say for example, severe weather or geophysical activity coordinated to when HAARP or EISCAT or other ionopsheric heaters are active; others look at strange magnetosphere effects and try to correlate these to the operations of Cern's Large Hadron Collider, and so on. I've gone so far as to propose that one should look at aggregate human behavior - and even memories - and try to correlate these to some of these other systems like the collider and so on, or that one should look carefully at planetary events as part of the larger system of the Earth-Sun system.
Scientists have also been looking at such things, and one paper in particular, shared by Mr. L.G.R., brings all this home with a high octane speculation vengeance:
For those who have suspected that the ecosystem in which we live is much more complex than the nightly weather report, the abstract and opening paragraph of this paper will be "good" news:
Abstract: The Sun’s polar magnetic fields modulate many aspects of space weather and the local space environment. The magnetism of the solar polar fields (SPF), as measured by the Wilcox Solar Observatory (WSO), have been studied and compared with the large magnitude earthquake record from the United States Geological Survey. The time period covers the 38 years (+13,600 days) that the WSO has collected the SPF data, up to January 2014. This study reveals a dependence of M8.0+ seismicity on the oscillations of the SPF; the extremes in magnetism of the polar fields, and their polarity reversals, may be modulating the largest earthquakes on the planet.Keywords:space weather, solar polar magnetic fields, piezoelectricity, global electric circuit, magnetic fields, M8+, largest earthquakes
INTRODUCTIONThe solar polar fields are a significant electromagnetic factor in space weather and the ambient environment of the inner heliosphere. To think of space as an empty vacuum does not adequately represent the scope ofinteraction between the Earth and Sun. The Earth orbits in an electric field of charged solar wind particles, bathed in varying levels of x-ray and extreme ultraviolet radiation, and connected directly to the Sun through the interplanetary magnetic fields. Scientists have been trying to correlate solar activity with seismicity for decades, but focus has centered on sunspots, solar flares and geomagnetic indices. Rather than studying the space weather mitigated by earth’s magnetosphere we studied the interplanetary magnetic fields of the Sun’s poles. The magnetosphere is known to open up to these magnetic portals to the Sun (Phillips, 2008) every few minutes, and have effects on a much larger scale than single space weather events. The solar polar field fluctuations appear to modulate the occurrences of the Earth’s largest seismic events. (All emphases added)
For the extremes in magnetism, the strength of the peaks alters the length of the Significant Window, where the strongest peaks have slightly longer windows than other peaks. Some extreme periods in SPF magnetism have multiple peaks/troughs, during which times the Significant Windows were split and shared by the peaks in force. The time periods around the peaks in solar polar magnetism should be the times when the polar fields affect Earth the most, and therefore are logical factors in Significant Windows. We also looked at two kinds of SPF reversals for the Significant Windows: 1) the reversal of each individual hemispheric polar fields, a “Pole Reversal,” and 2) the reversal of the average polar magnetism of the Sun, an “Average Reversal,” derived by adding the northern fields magnetism to the southern fieldsmagnetism, and visualized as the yellow curve in Figure 1 . For each individual pole, the first and final reversal of each Polar Minimum is significant, and if there are more than two reversals in such a period,the magnetism must increase beyond a threshold of minimum intensity in order for the subsequent Pole Reversal to be considered significant. For the Average Reversals of the Sun, there must be adequate timebetween reversals for them to be considered significant; the hypothesis is that multiple short - term reversals would not allow the Earth dynamo to build - up the stress requisite for a M8+ earthquake. The two types of polar reversals are significant SPF features because they are the moment when the force of the SPF changes direction; a push becomes a pull, or a pull becomes a push.
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