(The following blog is by regular reader and contributor, Ms. Kelly M. Thanks Kelly!)
This author is very appreciative of the many fine comments, links, propositions and theories shared with respect to the first two blogs with the above title. The premises for continuing our discussion are reports of a discovery of a layer of platinum from the comments to Part II. So let’s take the debate a little deeper.
The argument of the pro-comet faction is that the platinum (Pt) is evidence only of a cometary impact. I asked Dr. LaViolette about the evidence of a rise in platinum in the ice cores. Dr. LaViolette informed me that:
“The [platinum] peak increases gradually and drops off abruptly. This is exactly opposite to what you would expect for an impact. This is probably one reason Petaev suggested this to be dust of unusual composition that had entered our stratosphere (and not an impacting body). For Moore et al. Besides, the date of this peak lies 30 years prior to the burning episode that the comet theorists usually refer to for the catastrophe date. [emphasis mine].
Petaev does acknowledge one study that seems to support the comet impact scenario, the paper by Bunch et al., so that option may not be entirely dead.”
A lot of work has been done since his Earth under Fire was published in 1997. In particular, the researchers have continued to develop new research to see if they can “fill the histogram” with more data to further differentially diagnose the scenario.
Dr. LaViolette has contended that bursts of proton radiation from the sun that were able to penetrate to the surface of the Earth en masse. These events are called Solar Proton Events (SPE).
Dr. LaViolette thinks that solar proton storms occurred that were 125 times worse than the baseline event in 1956. The pre-Younger-Dryas solar proton storm produced surface radiation of three Sieverts (3S/hr) over a period of 50 hours, which is a deadly dose to any large animal so exposed on the surface. This event would have been highly problematic. Would it not be a frightening thing if periodically the sun burns through the atmosphere and delivers a lethal dose of proton radiation for more than two days?
Such an SPE would have led to a massive but incomplete extinction, which is what we see. The fauna began disappearing before the Younger Dryas. The following quotes are from his paper on the Startburst Foundation website:
“There is a question as to whether the megafaunal extinction was progressive, perhaps lasting several millennia, or whether it occurred all at once in a single catastrophic event. Meltzer and Mead (1985) have suggested that it progressed over several thousand years with most of the extinct megafauna disappearing at or prior to 11,000±100 14C years BP, or at or prior to 12,910±100 cal yrs BP in the Cariaco Basin chronology.”
Speaking metrologically, in addition to the overall extinction rate, the end of the Clovis people continues to be tightened up. It looks as though the Clovians culture ended before the YD, which is more consistent with an GW/SPE than a strike during the YD, a logical impossibility for the “comet during the glacier" theory.
“The Clovis cut-off date has been placed between 10,900 and 10,800 14C years BP (Meltzer, 2004; Waters and Stafford, 2007). This is equivalent to the interval between 12,880 to 12,840 cal yrs BP in the Cariaco Basin chronology. Hence the Clovis culture end date immediately precedes the date of the proposed solar event.”
Lastly, he pins the overall extinction directly on a Solar Proton Event (SPE).
“Based on all of the above boundary dates (Rancholabrean, Clovis, and black mat), it is reasonable to place the abrupt termination of the Pleistocene megafauna as having occurred sometime within the first 200 years of the YD onset, or somewhere in the range of 12,950 to 12,750 calendar years BP in the Cariaco Basin chronology. Hence from a chronological standpoint, the proposed 12,837 cal yrs BP solar proton event proves to be a good candidate as being the final cause of the megafaunal demise.”
But how do we distinguish a cometary impact from a Galactic SuperWave/SPE?
“The proposed solar proton event hypothesis, like the comet impact/explosion scenario of Firestone, et al. (2007), is compatible with the occurrence of a single main catastrophic event. But, unlike the solitary-event comet scenario, the solar hypothesis also allows the possibility of the occurrence of multiple hazardous events of varying magnitude, as suggested by the presence of multiple 14C spurts seen.”
Unpacking this, the GW/SPE hypothesis is supported by multiple Carbon-14 increases in the ice cores. In layman’s terms, this means radiation striking carbon and adding two neutrons, making it radioactive, which cannot be explained by a comet. Further, things got so very acidic in the ice cores that snow would make a perfect salad dressing component for your next lunch at Spago:
“On the basis of the transferred Cariaco Basin chronology, it dates at 12,837±10 cal yrs BP, hence indicating that very acidic snows were being deposited around the time of the hypothesized 12,837 cal yrs BP super SPE. The snows falling at the time of this event were so highly acidic that they increased the electrical conductivity of the ice 1000 fold compared with background conductivity levels prevailing before the event. Highly acidic snows would be an expected outcome if, as suggested earlier, the atmosphere had been exposed to a high flux of cosmic rays during a large magnitude solar proton event.
“Nitrate ions are produced when the atmosphere is exposed to cosmic rays. Hence nitrate ion concentration spikes serve as good indicators of SPEs. McCracken et al. (2001a, 2001b) have found that nitrate ion concentration spikes registered in the polar ice record during the period 1561 to 1950 correlate with major historical SPEs and that impulsive nitrate events serve as reliable indicators of large fluence SPEs. The 12,837 yrs BP ECM spike is seen to be associated with high nitrate ion concentrations in the GISP2 ice record, where the nitrate values plot 10 cm sample increments (Yang, et al, 1995); see figure 5. The 200 ppb peak visible here is the highest nitrate level to occur during the entire Younger Dryas period, supporting the present suggestion that the 12,837 yrs BP acidity peak records the occurrence of a very large magnitude cosmic ray event.”
Dr. LaViolette, in a private correspondence stated further:
“Its main problem is that a comet impact would produce a huge nitric oxide peak in the polar ice record and no peak that large is seen. Also all their findings of platinum group elements near the extinction boundary can be interpreted as being due to cosmic dust injected into the stratosphere from the dust sheath. I discuss this in my 2011 paper, which proposes a solar flare cause for the mass extinction event. Also the Starburstfound.org cite has a paper I have written about the 22 flaws of the Firestone comet impact theory.”
One curiosity this author carries with respect to the comet vs. superwave “debate” is that the theories are not mutually exclusive technically. It is possible, in a “both/and” perspective rather than an “either/or” that multiple events took place. The Carolina lakes evidence is the closest we have in my view but the measurement of when and how, the lakes, which stretch from the seaboard to Texas, came to be and the metrology for determining when and how is still tentative.
Since the events of the YD are within human memory, why can’t we remember it more accurately? Well, we do, in all the sacred scriptures from around the world. Even Plato took on the topic:
“The fact is, that wherever the extremity of winter frost or of summer does not prevent, mankind exist, sometimes in greater, sometimes in lesser numbers. And whatever happened either in your country or in ours, or in any other region of which we are informed-if there were any actions noble or great or in any other way remarkable, they have all been written down by us of old, and are preserved in our temples. Whereas just when you and other nations are beginning to be provided with letters and the other requisites of civilized life, after the usual interval, the stream from heaven, like a pestilence, comes pouring down, and leaves only those of you who are destitute of letters and education; and so you have to begin all over again like children, and know nothing of what happened in ancient times, either among us or among yourselves. As for those genealogies of yours, which you just now recounted to us, Solon, they are no better than the tales of children. In the first place you remember a single deluge only, but there were many previous ones; in the next place, you do not know that there formerly dwelt in your land the fairest and noblest race of men which ever lived, and that you and your whole city are descended from a small seed or remnant of them which survived.” Plato, Timaeus, (Critias, speaking) [Emphasis mine.]
Plato describes pestilential events that periodically rain down from heaven that make Earth beings forget the past, like children, forcing the ancients to record their wisdom in stone. The GSW/SPE fits the bill nicely. Putting the entire earth inside a proton accelerator would affect the minds, the memories, with radiation damage, like this poor Russian.
Dr. LaViolette’s position is that the comet theory does not hold up under the data. That’s a well-reasoned view. There are just too many events and mix of data to pin this down to a comet or asteroid strike. And as Dr. LaViolette would likely agree, the comet researchers seem to grasp onto any data that on the surface supports their theory while not addressing the fact that the data actually undermines it. Sarcastically, only Department of Education “experts” could support such a math. It comes down to politics.
Why does not Dr. LaViolette’s theory get the scientific attention it deserves? When we remember Dr. Carol Rosen’s recounting of her discussion with Dr. Werner Von Braun, the one where he laughingly told her that it would go from nations of concern, to terrorists, to asteroids, to aliens, one can understand why the superwave theory does not get attention it clearly deserves. It does not fit the playlist of narratives that drive the meta agenda.
Additionally, the global effort to undermine the cultural significance of historical scripture, tablets, and scrolls, in order to create a collective amnesia perforce to turn the ground for a single world replacement religion, which is intended to provide an ersatz “spiritual” pillar to the globalist collective system, makes it perfectly clear why science that rigorously tips its hat to textual evidence would get the cold shoulder. Work like Joseph Farrell’s Cosmic War and the work of Paul LaViolette provides a jolt of scientific credibility to scripture, which of course will just not do.